1. Ricardo believes that, rather
than progressing through a sequence of stages, mental processes gradually get
more complex and efficient. Ricardo is most likely a proponent of
Information processing theory
2. Louis discovers that the
experiences he has in his developmental psychology class help him to deal with
the children he works with at a daycare center. This relationship is best
described by Bronfenbrenner’s notion of _____________________.
3. Dr. Lund stages a fire drill at
the elementary school in order to study how children respond to potential
emergency situations. Dr. Lund’s method would best be described as a(n)
4. You are reading the results of
a study that tracked how a particular individual’s religious beliefs changed
over the course of her life. The study you are reading is most likely a(n)
5. Which statement is not
consistent with ethical research?
Subject responses should be
Never tell subjects if they’ve
Minimize the risks to subjects.
Give subjects the right to
withdraw from the research without penalty.
6. Which results would not support
the idea that genes play a significant role in behavior?
finding dizygotic twins to be more
similar than monozygotic twins
finding children to be more
similar to their biological parents than to their adoptive parents
finding similarities between
finding monozygotic twins to be
more similar than pairs of unrelated individuals
7. Halley is 40-years-old, and she
and her daughter Berry, 20, are both currently pregnant. Which statement
concerning these two mothers is most accurate?
Berry has a greater risk of giving
birth to a baby with sickle-cell anemia.
Halley is twice as fertile as
Berry’s odds of having a baby with
Down Syndrome are three times higher than Halley’s.
Halley has a greater risk of
having a miscarriage.
8. How many of the following
(aspirin, nicotine, cocaine, caffeine) are potential teratogens?
9. Maternal stress is most likely
to negatively impact a developing embryo/fetus when that stress is
intermittent and extreme
intermittent and moderate
chronic and extreme
chronic and moderate
10. Huntington’s disease is an
unusual genetic disorder in that it is a fatal disease caused by dominant
alleles that ________________________.
impact late enough in life so that
the individual can reproduce
are controllable through diet
both must come from mom
strike only males
11. Self-reports are a rather easy
and quick way to gather information, there are fewer potential ethical issues
than many other forms of research, and they are relatively inexpensive. Why
aren’t they the method of choice for developmental research?
respondents can refuse to
selective non-responses to certain
respondents don’t tell the truth
or distort their beliefs or facts about their life (socially desirable
respondents cannot elaborate on
answers and can only choose from available option
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